SPEECH DELIVERED BY ARMY GENERAL RAÚL CASTRO RUZ, PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCILS OF STATE AND OF MINISTERS AT THE CEREMONY COMMEMORATING THE VICTIMS OF STATE TERRORISM DAY AT THE REVOLUTIONARY ARMED FORCES “UNIVERSAL” THEATER ON OCTOBER 6, 2010.
Relatives of the victims of State Terrorism against
As set out in the Council of State Decree-Law published today, beginning this year, October 6 will be commemorated as “Victims of State Terrorism Day.”
Exactly 34 years ago, 73 innocent people were assassinated:
11 Guyanese, 5 citizens of the Democratic Popular Republic of Korea and 57
Cubans. They were killed in midair when a bomb exploded aboard a Cubana de
Aviación passenger plane that had just taken off from
For the Cuban people, who have been the target of state terrorism since the very triumph of the Cuban Revolution, the painful losses suffered that day were added to the numerous other victims for whom we are still seeking justice today.
The phenomenon dates back to 1959 when the newly-formed Revolution passed the first of a series of measures to benefit the people.
As early as March 1960, President Eisenhower approved
a program of covert actions against
Fires, bombings and all sorts of acts of sabotage were carried out; airplanes and boats were hijacked; Cuban citizens were kidnapped; there were attacks against our embassies and assassinations of diplomats; dozens of our facilities were machine-gunned; multiple assassination attempts were carried out against the main leaders of the Revolution; and in particular, hundreds of assassination plans and attempts were carried out against the life of the Commander in Chief.
This year we are commemorating five decades since the
brutal sabotage against the French steamship
Every new aggression strengthened the Revolution across
all sectors and levels. The consolidation of the revolutionary process forced
the CIA terrorists and their bosses —who with their actions intended to provoke
panic and demoralize the Cuban people— to draw up a plan to invade
The attack against Playa Girón (
The recently elected President Kennedy inherited the
invasion plan from the previous government and approved its implementation.
However, he refused to accept responsibility for its resounding failure and
instead decided to carry out Operation Mongoose that consisted of 33 projects
that included plans to assassinate leaders of the Revolution, terrorist actions
against socioeconomic objectives, and the introduction of arms and agents to
From the approval of the Operation Mongoose until
January 1963, some 5,780 terrorist actions against
In this context, US-based terrorist organizations
that were financed and protected by the CIA were the precursors to the use of
airplane hijackings and civilian aircraft for military actions against
Such actions soon turned against them, leading to a world pandemic of airplane hijackings which encouraged international terrorists to employ these methods. The situation was only resolved once the Cuban government unilaterally decided to return the hijackers.
Following the assassination of Kennedy, the new
Shortly after, terrorist actions against Cuban embassies, offices and diplomatic officials abroad increased drastically causing the deaths of several brave comrades and many material losses.
On May 5 that year 570 children and 156 workers were trapped by a fire set by terrorists at the Le Van Tan daycare center. These peoples lives were saved thanks to the quick and heroic actions by specialized forces and the solidarity of the Cuban people.
At the same time, another form of State Terrorism
Several plagues were also introduced into Cuban territory to destroy the agriculture and livestock sector, causing incalculable losses in food stocks destined for the population and significant losses of export commodities.
However, the list of perpetrators is quite short, because they are always the same.
Today we are here to pay tribute to the 3,478 Cubans
who have died and the 2,099 that have become permanently disabled due to
terrorist acts carried out against our homeland during half a century that add
up 5,577 victims. The
Orlando Bosch and Luis Posada Carriles, the authors
Until very recently, these groups publicly proclaimed their crimes and cynically announced new acts of terror.
Had impunity not prevailed, 68 acts of terrorism against Cuba would have been prevented in the 1990s and we would not be regretting the death in Havana of Fabio di Celmo, a young Italian, who perished during the wave of terrorists attacks against tourism facilities in Havana in 1997.
The revealing declarations by self-confessed terrorist Chávez Abarca –broadcasted on Cuban television September 27 and 28-- who was arrested by Venezuelan authorities as he planned to attack and undermine the stability of that brother country and other Latin American nations, confirm the existence of new methods of international terror and provide irrefutable proof about the guilt of Posada Carriles and his sponsors in the United States.
Despite all these crimes,
Our country has signed all 13 existing international conventions on this issue and strictly abides by the commitments and obligations of the UN General Assembly resolutions and those of the Security Council. It does not possess nor intends to possess any type of weapons of mass destruction, and fully complies with its obligations under existing international instruments on nuclear, chemical , and biological weapons.
The Cuban territory has never been and never will be
used to organize, finance or carry out terrorist acts against any other country,
On several occasions the Cuban government has informed the U.S. Government about its willingness to exchange information regarding assassination plans and terrorist acts against objectives in both countries.
We have also provided ample information to the
In response, the FBI in
Today, thanks to international solidarity, the entire world knows about the unjust and inhumane treatment applied to the Five Cuban Heroes who fought in order to protect the Cuban people and even the American people from terrorism.
For how long will President Obama ignore international demands and allow injustice to prevail, something that is in his hands to eliminate? Until when will our Five Cuban Heroes remain in jail?
The current government of the United States of America, by their recent ratification of the arbitrary inclusion of our country in the State Department‘s annual list of “States Sponsors of Terrorism,” in addition to this infamous measure, has ignored once again the exemplary records of Cuba in this respect.
The Cuban Government urges President Obama to abide
with his commitment to fight terrorism and to act with determination and without
double standards against those who from
Not for a moment can we forget that, as a
result of State terrorism, the toll of dead and missing people we have suffered
is higher than those who died during the attempt against the
I would like to conclude our tribute by recalling the unforgettable memorial service given to the victims of the Barbado`s crime on October 15, 1976, when we all swore to remember and condemn with unrelenting outrage the vile assassination.
Let us repeat Comrade Fidel`s statement on that occasion:
When an energetic and forceful people cry, injustice trembles!
We shall always remain loyal to those who have fallen in battle!
Glory to our heroes and martyrs!