Reflections by comrade Fidel
The true story and the challenge of the Cuban journalists
Seven days ago I wrote about one of the great men in history: Salvador Allende, a man the world remembered with deep emotion and respect on his first centennial. However, no one quivered or even recalled the date of October 24, 1891, when the Dominican despot Rafael Leonidas Trujillo was born, eighteen years before our admired Chilean brother.
countries, one in the
Our victorious Revolution was a friend
of Allende, at the same time it hated
The American Navy infantry had invaded that sister republic to secure its country’s economic and strategic interests. Of course, there was not even a Platt Amendment there to cover up the action with a legal mantle.
1918, they recruited, among others, the adventurous and greedy native
Dominican, the son of a small merchant, who was then trained and admitted, as a
27-year old, to the National Army. In 1921, he went on to another training
course with the
the end of the Yankee occupation in 1924,
the neighboring country, with less direct economic dependence, the shrewd and voracious
In the year 1937, he carried out along the border a huge massacre of Haitian workers. This was his reserve labor force in agriculture and construction.
was a steady
relationship with the
have told the story before of what happened then. After the frustrated Cayo Confites expedition, I was
not among the over one thousand prisoners taken to the
A Cuban Navy frigate, aiming with its
bow cannons at our leading boat, ordered us to return and to dock at the Antilla’s port. I then jump into the water of the
I had met Juan Bosch, an outstanding Dominican leader, in Cayo Confites, where we trained, and we talked at length. He was not the chief of the expedition but he was certainly the most prestigious personality among the Dominicans, even if he was ignored by some of the main leaders of that movement and by the Cuban chieftains who had rather important and well paid official relations. I was then very far from even imagining this that I’m writing today!
years later, when our fight on the
tyranny was defeated on
US Administration, being aware of these plans, sent a CIA officer to
The development of these events, which make for a fascinating story, can be found in the books of senior Cuban Intelligence and Security officers, in the testimonies of leaders of military units of the Rebel Army who were directly involved, in autobiographies, official statements made in those days and reports by national and foreign journalists, all of whom it would be impossible to mention in this Reflection.
There is another book in the process of publication written by a comrade who joined the Militias when he was 17, and who for his good conduct and sharp mind was then transferred to the Prime Minister’s and Commander in Chief’s security detail where he studied to become a stenographer, then took notes of the conversations and collected the testimony of hundreds of participants in the events he narrates. This chapter of the history of our Revolution has yet to be recounted.
is understood, the top revolutionary leaders were constantly informed of the
news about the enemy’s plans. We then conceived the idea of dealing the Yankee’s,
the weapons sent by sea from
August 13th, a plane came in with a special envoy from
notable envoy came with him. It was Roberto Martin Perez Rodriguez who, as we
have already indicated, had traveled with his father and Batista as they
escaped to the
was in the proximity of the airstrip with Camilo Cienfuegos and other military chiefs. The head of the Cuban military personnel who
had to unload the weapons and communication equipment had understood that they
should arrest the aircraft crew. At this point, a copilot realized that
something was wrong shot on them and a shootout ensued.
same night I visited the wounded from both sides. We couldn’t go ahead with the
plan. Up until then, communications between
would have been possible to continue with the game even after the plane had
been seized and Luis
was a major revolutionary victory, but at the same time
a signal about the times that would come and a sad gift from Rafael Leonidas Trujillo on my anniversary. Twenty months later we
would be fighting at Giron; there would be violence
and bloodshed in the Escambray, by the sea shore, in
towns and all over the country. It was the counterrevolution organized by the
country they would have executed Roberto Martin Perez Rodriguez and Luis
A distinguished Canadian journalist and researcher, Jean-Guy Allard, describes the terrorist life of Roberto Martin Perez Rodriguez as follows:
“…in fact, since early in his life, ‘Macho’ (his nickname) Martin Perez joined the Batista police and, for his special merits, that is, his beating of the prisoners in the last months of the bloody regime, he earned the rank of Sergeant.
the father and son were so close to Batista that, on
would very soon be leading the paramilitary committee created by this
organization which ensures the financing, among others, of the terrorist group
Alpha 66 and other extremist groups acting against
“…Martin Perez Rodriguez took part in the arrangement of a series of failed attempts on the life the President of Cuba during various Ibero American Summits.
1994, on the occasion of Fidel’s attendance to the 4th
plotted with Jimenez Escobedo and Eugenio LLameras with a view to the 5th Ibero American Summit in 1995. That year, he revived the same
plan for the Non Aligned Movement Summit, also in
“…he signed the Declaration of support for terrorism against Cuba published by the Foundation on August 11th…Roberto Martin Perez, Feliciano Foyo and Horacio Garcia are some of the people Posada publicly named as the ‘financiers’ of his terrorist actions during his interview with the New York Times in 1997.
“In 1998, the great advocate of the ‘political prisoner’ carried out one of his dirtiest deeds: with other Miami Mafia ringleaders…he led the new FBI chief, the very corruptible Hector Pesquera, to the arrest of five Cubans who had infiltrated the ranks of the terrorist organizations.
“…his unfailing friendship with Guillermo Novo Sampol, the murderer of Chilean leader Orlando Letelier is well known…
“The Republican candidate should know that his 73-year-old protégé was the first to assert that on the day of his longed for victory over the Cuban Revolution he would drive a bulldozer from the Cabo San Antonio to the Punta de Maisi crushing the island population guilty of any links with the Revolution.
“…on another occasion, asked about the risk of killing innocents in an attempt on Cuban leaders he said that he didn’t care if ‘the Pope died’.”
historical truth tells us that John McCain’s father commandeered the amphibious
attack, the invasion and occupation of the
I dedicate this Reflection on historical events to our dear journalists, since it coincides with the 8th Congress of the Union of Cuban Journalists (UPEC, by its Spanish acronym), whom I consider like family. How I would have liked to study the techniques of their trade!
The UPEC has been very generous in publishing a book under the title Fidel, the journalist, which will be presented tomorrow afternoon. They sent me a copy with several articles published in clandestine or legal newspapers over five decades ago, with a prologue by Guillermo Cabrera Alvarez and the selection, introduction and notes by Ana Nuñez Machin.
gave Guillermo Cabrera the nickname of “the genius” since I first met him. It
was the impression I received from that great man who unfortunately passed away
last year. He had had a heart surgery
some time ago at the prestigious
reread some of the articles published in
I wrote those articles when I felt the need to convey certain ideas. I did it out of pure revolutionary instinct. I always applied the principle that words should be simple and the concepts understandable to the masses. Today I have more experience, but I’m not as strong; it’s harder for me to do it. Our people’s educational level is higher with the Revolution, thus the task is more difficult.
From the revolutionary point of view, discrepancies are not important; it is the honesty of the opinion that counts. And, it is from the contradictions that the truth will emerge. Perhaps, it would be worthwhile some other time to make an effort to make some observations on this issue.
an important event took place, which will be an issue the following days. This
is the release of Ingrid Betancourt and a group of people held by the FARC,
that is, the Revolutionary Armed Forces from
January 10th this year, our ambassador to
era of peace was opening for
The bombing of a camp in Ecuadorian soil in the early hours of March 1st, --while Colombian guerrillas and young visitors from different nationalities were sleeping-- using Yankee technology; the occupation of the territory, the coup de grace on the wounded and the kidnapping of corpses as part of the terrorist plan from the United States government was repudiated the world over.
Rio Group meeting was then held in the
Manuel Marulanda, a peasant and communist militant, the main leader of that guerrilla founded almost half a century ago was still alive. He passed away on the 26th of that same month.
Ingrid Betancourt, feeble and sick, as well as other captives with a serious health condition could hardly resist any longer.
Out of a basically humanist sentiment, we rejoiced at the news that Ingrid Betancourt, three American citizens and other captives had been released. The civilians should have never been kidnapped neither should the militaries have been kept prisoners in the conditions of the jungle. These were objectively cruel actions. No revolutionary purpose could justify it. The time will come when the subjective factors should be analyzed in depth.
won our revolutionary war in
We are watching with concern how the
imperialists try to capitalize on what happened in
These should be illustrative examples for all of our journalists. In our times, truth is navigating rough seas, where the mass media are in the hands of those threatening human survival with their immense economic, technologic and military resources. That’s the challenge faced by the Cuban journalists!
Fidel Castro Ruz