by comrade Fidel
THE CHINESE VICTORY
the First World War broke out in 1914, China joined the allies. As
recompense, China was
promised that the German concessions in the province of Shandong
would be returned at war's end. After the signing of the Treaty of Versailles,
which President Woodrow Wilson imposed on friends and foes alike, the German
colonies were transferred to Japan,
a more powerful allied than China.
of students gathered in Tiananmen Square on
May 4, 1919 to protest this move. The first triumphant nationalist movement in China was born
there. Called the “May 4th Movement”, it brought the petite and
national bourgeoisie and the workers and peasants under one coalition.
founding of the Kuomintang or National People’s Party had consolidated the
nationalist currents that emerged at the close of the 19th and beginning of the
20th century. It was headed by Dr. Sun Yatsen, a progressive intellectual and
revolutionary heavily influenced by the October Revolution, with which he
strengthened his party’s ties.
Chinese Communist Party was founded at a congress held from July 23 to August
5, 1921. Lenin sent representatives of the International to that Congress.
Communist movement devoted efforts to reunite China. The young Mao Zedong was
among its founding members. Between 1923 and 1924, the Chinese Communist Party
and Kuomintang joined forces to form the First United Front.
Sun Yatsen’s death in 1925, Chiang Kai-shek took command of the Kuomintang. He
focused on establishing firm control of southern China,
region in particular.
did not sympathize with the communist doctrine and, in 1927; he undertook a
large-scale repression of communists within the National Revolutionary Army,
unions and other social institutions in the country, especially in Shanghai. The Left within
the Kuomintang was also heavily repressed.
1932, following the five-month military occupation of Manchuria,
Japan established the state
of Manchukuo, which posed a great threat to China. Chiang
Kaishek launched five campaigns to besiege and eliminate the communists, who
had gathered strength in the bases set up in southern China.
1927, leading those who had managed to evade Chiang Kai-shek’s treacherous move
to the mountainous region of Jiangsu and Fujian, Mao Zedong
established an encompassing center of armed resistance, primarily made up of
devoted and well-organized communists. This center came to be known as the Soviet Republic
1934, pitted against Chiang Kai-shek’s nationalist forces, which were vastly
superior in number, nearly 100 thousand Chinese combatants under Mao’s command
undertook the Great March towards China’s northeast. Skirting China’s central
region, the combatants traversed over 3,750 miles and fought almost continually
through a year. This unprecedented feat made Mao the undisputed leader of both China's
Communist Party and Revolution. The application of Marx's and Lenin's ideas to
China’s political, economic, natural, geographic and cultural conditions
established him as the brilliant political and military strategist who
liberated a country whose significance in today’s world cannot be
second Sino-Japanese War broke out on July 7, 1937. The Japanese deliberately
brought about the incident that sparked the war. A Japanese soldier disappeared
while his troop was in a military parade at the Marco
over a river located some 10 miles west of Beijing. China’s army, based across the river,
was accused of kidnapping the soldier, and an armed conflict which lasted
several hours ensued. The soldier reappeared, almost immediately after combat
began. The accusation was false, but the Japanese commander had already ordered
the attack. With its usual arrogance, Tokyo made
unacceptable demands from China
and ordered the deployment of three divisions, equipped with the country’s best
weapons. In a few weeks’ time, the Japanese army secured control of the
East-West corridor between the Gulf of Chihli (today Bo Hai) and Beijing.
Beijing, the Japanese army headed to Nanjing, where Chiang Kai-shek’s
government was headquartered. They carried out one of the most horrendous of
terrorist campaigns known to modern warfare. The city was razed to the ground,
as were others. Tens of thousands of women were raped and hundreds of thousands
of people brutally murdered.
China’s Communist Party had prioritized the struggle for
national unity and against Japanese designs, aimed at taking control of the enormous
country and its natural resources and to condemn over 500 million of its
citizens to merciless bondage.
Japan was looking for lebensraum.
It was guided by a mixture of capitalist and racist values: it was Japan’s version
Anti-Japanese United Front had already been created that same year, in 1937.
The nationalists were also aware of the danger. Japan occupied most of the coastal
cities. At the end of the Second World War, there were millions of Chinese
the epic war, the communists stepped up their struggle against the invaders and
caused them significant damage.
aided the communists and nationalists. Sensing that its entry into the war was
imminent, it asked the Chinese government permission to send a volunteer
squadron as well. The Flying Tigers were thus created. Roosevelt
deployed Captain Lee Chenault, who was retired at the time, whose conduct
expressed his admiration towards the discipline, tactics and efficacy shown by
the communist combatants.
the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, the United States entered the war. However,
at no point during the war was Japan
able to withdraw its best troops, which, near war’s end, numbered a million
Truman administration, which, in an act of terror, dropped nuclear weapons over
Japan's civilian population,
made Chang Kaishek the United
States' right hand man. He took up the
anti-communist struggle again, but his demoralized troops were unable to hold
up against the irrepressible advance of the Chinese People’s Army.
the war ended in October 1949, Kuomintang members, backed by the United States, fled to Taiwan, where they set up an anti-communist
government fully supported by the United States. Chiang Kai-shek used
the U.S. Naval Fleet to travel to Taiwan.
be yet another dark corner of the world?
Troy was built and the Greek city-states knew
the Iliad and Odyssey, unquestionably marvelous fruits of human intelligence, a
civilization that encompassed millions of people were already taking shape on
the long shores of the Yellow River.
culture finds its roots in the Zhou Dynasty, which existed 2,000 years before
Christ was born. Its peculiar writing system comprises several thousand graphic
signs, which generally represent the language’s words or morphemes, a term
coined by modern linguistics which is little known to the lay public. The
mysterious magic of this language, which the natural intelligence of Chinese
children assimilates in the learning process, is beyond our grasp.
of the products which first emerged in China, such as gunpowder, the
compass and other inventions, were totally unknown in the Old Continent. Had
the winds blown in a direction opposite the route followed by Columbus,
perhaps the Chinese would have discovered Europe.
2000, the Taiwanese government had been controlled by a party whose neo-liberal
and pro-imperialistic policies were even worse than the Kuomintang's stances, a
staunch opponent of the principle of a unified China, the Chinese Communist
Party's historical proclamation. This thorny issue threatened to unleash a war
of unforeseeable consequences, a new sword of Damocles hanging over the heads
of over 1,300 million Chinese people.
election, this past March 23, of a candidate from the party that provided
Chiang Kaishek with his political foundations, was undoubtedly a political and
moral victory for China.
It removes from the Taiwanese government a party which, in office for nearly 8
years, was about to take new, nefarious steps.
to press agencies, the party lost by a landslide, securing a mere 4.4 million
votes, from a population of 17.3 million people entitled to vote.
new President will be sworn in on May 20. “We will sign a peace treaty with China,” he
cables report that Ma Ying-Jeou supports the creation of a Common Market with China, the
island's main trade partner.
People’s Republic of China
maintains a dignified and cautious attitude towards the thorny issue. At Beijing's State Council, Taiwan's official spokesperson
declared that Ma Ying-Jeou's victory proves that “independence is not a popular
issue among the Taiwanese.”
short statement speaks volumes.
works of prestigious U.S. historical
researchers divulge what took place in the Chinese territory of Tibet.
Conboy’s The CIA’s Secret War in Tibet (University
describes the sordid details of the conspiracy. William Leary calls it “an
excellent and impressive study of a major CIA covert operation during the Cold
over two centuries, no country in the world had recognized Tibet as an
independent nation. It was considered to be an integral part of China. In 1950,
conceived it as such, following the triumph of the communist revolution. England assumed
the same stance. Until the Second World War, the United
States considered it a part of China
and even brought pressures to bear on England in this connection.
Following the war, however, they saw it as a religious stronghold that could be
used against communism.
the People’s Republic of China
implemented the agrarian reform on Tibetan soil, the elite saw its properties
and interests undermined and opposed the measures. This led to an armed uprising
in 1959. Tibet's armed rebellion —as opposed to those in Guatemala, Cuba and other
nations, where fighting took place under truly harsh conditions— was prepared
for years by US secret services, as these studies reveal.
book —which essays an apology of the CIA— Mikel Dunshun's Buddha’s Warriors, tells the story of how the agency took hundreds
of Tibetans to the United States, led and equipped the rebellion, parachuted
armaments to Tibetan fighters and trained them in their use. The rebels moved on
horseback, as Arab warriors once did. The book's prologue was written by the
Dalai Lama, who writes: “Though I am deeply convinced that the struggle of
Tibetans will succeed only through a long-term and peaceful process, I have
always admired these freedom fighters for their courage and their unwavering
Dalai Lama, bestowed with the US Congress' Gold Medal, praised George W. Bush
for his efforts in defense of freedom, democracy and human rights.
Dalai Lama called the war in Afghanistan
a war of “liberation”, the Korean War a war of "semi-liberation” and the
Vietnam War a “failure”.
have summarized information taken from the Internet, from the site Rebelión, specifically. Because of space
and time limitations, I have not included the pages where the quoted paragraphs
were taken from.
are those who suffer from Chino-phobia, a condition shared by many Westerners,
accustomed by their education and cultural differences to regard whatever comes
was still virtually a child when people already spoke of a "yellow
menace". The Chinese revolution seemed impossible back then. The true
causes behind anti-Chinese sentiments were racist at root.
is imperialism so intent on forcing China, directly or indirectly, to
lose its international significance?
time ago, that is to say, 50 years ago, it sought to deny it the prerogatives
it had heroically earned for itself as a full member of the Security Council.
Later, highlighting the mistakes that led to the Tiananmen
Square protests, it deified the Statue of Liberty, the emblem of
an empire which today embodies the negation of all freedoms.
People’s Republic of China
passed legislation which stood out in proclaiming and enforcing respect for the
rights and cultures of 55 ethnic minorities.
People’s Republic of China
is, at the same time, highly sensitive with regards to all things related to
the integrity of its territory.
campaign orchestrated against China
is like a bugle call aimed at unleashing an attack on the country's well-earned
success and against its people, who will host the next Olympic Games.
Cuban government issued a declaration categorically expressing its support of China in connection with the campaign undertaken
against it on the issue of Tibet.
This was the right stance to assume. China respects the rights of its
citizens to hold religious beliefs or not. In China, there are Muslim, Catholic
and non-Catholic Christian and other religious groups, not to mention dozens of
ethnic minorities, whose rights are guaranteed by the Chinese constitution.
our Communist Party, one's religion does not represent an obstacle in the way
of becoming a Party member.
respect the Dalai Lama’s right to believe, but I am not obliged to believe in
the Dalai Lama.
do have many reasons to believe in China's victory.