Reflections by Comrade Fidel
THE 30TH SANDINISTA ANNIVERSARY AND THE SAN JOSÉ PROPOSAL
The coup d’état in Honduras, promoted by the far right-wing of the United States –which in Central America was maintaining the structure set up by Bush – and backed by the Department of State, was evolving poorly on account of the energetic resistance by the people.
The criminal venture, condemned unanimously by world opinion and international bodies, could not be sustained.
The memory of atrocities committed during recent decades by the
The efforts of the empire were set in motion during the
The intention of committing the hemisphere to a free trade agreement
fell through. The economies in other
parts of the world grew at a good clip and the dollar lost its exclusive
hegemony as the privileged currency. The
brutal world financial crisis complicated the situation. Under those circumstances, the military coup
was produced in
In the wake of two weeks of growing popular struggle, the
In US calculations, the fact that Arias held the title of Nobel laureate for peace held some weight.
The real Oscar Arias story indicates that the man we are dealing with is
a neo-liberal politician, talented and with a gift for words, extremely
calculating and a faithful ally of the
From the first years of the triumph of the Cuban Revolution, the
government of the
That Central American country was used as an imperialist base for the
piratical attacks against
Arias, originally from the wealthy and leading class in Costa Rica, studied law and economics at a university in his country and later studied and graduated as master in political sciences from the English University of Essex where he finally graduated as Doctor of Political Sciences. Having such academic laurels, President José Figueres Ferrer of the National Liberation Party appointed him as advisor in 1970, at the age of 30, and shortly after he was appointed Minister of Planning, a position ratified by the next president Daniel Oduber. In 1978, he enters Congress as Deputy for that party. He ascends to secretary general in 1979 and is president for the first time in 1986.
Years before the triumph of the Cuban Revolution, an armed movement of
the national bourgeoisie of
All of Central America suffered for more than 150 years and, since the
days of the filibusterer William Walker who made himself president of Nicaragua
in 1856, is still suffering the problem of United States interventionism which
has been a constant, even though the heroic people of Nicaragua have now
attained an independence that they are ready to defend right up to their last
breath. Any support from
On many occasions, Daniel had bitterly commented
to me that Arias, following US instructions, had excluded
But this time, while commemorating the 30th
anniversary of the Sandinista victory on
“But the other Central American presidents were
more sensible and they told him: There can be no peace plan here if
Right away he added: “The Yankees came running to find President Oscar Arias, because they already know him! They want to find a way to gain some time, so that the perpetrators of the coup begin to make demands that are unacceptable. Who has ever heard of a coup negotiating with the people from whom it is ripping away their constitutional rights? Those rights cannot be negotiated; one simply has to reinstate President Manuel Zelaya, just as the ALBA, Rio Group, SICA, OAS and United Nations treaties stated.
“We want peaceful solutions in our countries. The battle being fought by the people of
Because of the dirty war ordered by Reagan and which in part – he told
me – was funded by drugs sent to the United States, more than 60,000 persons
lost their lives and 5,800 more were made invalid. Reagan’s dirty war gave rise to the
destruction and abandonment of 300 schools and 25 health centres; 150 teachers
were murdered. The toll rose to tens of
billions of dollars.
On Saturday, July 18th, the Nobel Laureate proposed 7 points of the personal peace initiative that was detracting from the authority of the UN and OAS decisions and was tantamount to an act of renunciation by Manuel Zelaya that took away sympathies and weakened poplar support. The constitutional president sent what he described as an ultimatum for the coup, which his representatives were to present, announcing at the same time his return to Honduras on Sunday, July 19th via any department of that country.
Around on that Sunday, a giant Sandinista demonstration takes place, with
historical denunciations of
The worst of the matter is that the
What is real is that for whoever would be closely following the events,
Micheletti was against peace on Monday.
His representative in
That very same Sunday the 19th, when Arias is asking for
another 72 hours to explain his position, Mrs. Clinton is speaking on the phone
with Micheletti and sustains what the spokesperson Philip Crowley describes as
a “tough phone call”. Some day we shall
know what she said to him, but it would be enough just to see Micheletti’s face
when he spoke at a meeting of his government on Monday July 20th: he really looked like a kid in kindergarten
who had been scolded by his teacher. I
was able to see the images and hear the speeches at the meeting on Telesur. Other images broadcast were those of the
OAS representatives making their speeches in the heart of that institution,
committing themselves to await the last word of the Nobel Laureate on
Wednesday. Did they or didn’t they know
what Mrs.Clinton had said to Micheletti? Maybe they did, maybe they didn’t. Perhaps some of them, not all of them,
knew. Men, institutions and concepts had
turned into instruments of the high-handed and arrogant policy of
Tomorrow the stony image of Oscar Arias will appear, explaining that they have drawn up such and such a solution to avoid violence. I think that even Arias himself has fallen into the great trap set up by the Department of State. Let’s see what he does tomorrow.
Nevertheless, the people of
We still do not know what the attitude of the military will be when faced with the Yankee ultimata, and what messages will get to the officers; there is only one patriotic and honourable point of reference: loyalty to the people who have heroically stood up to the tear gas bombs, the blows and the shooting.
Without anybody being able to be sure about what the final whim of the empire will be, whether Zelaya returns legally or illegally as a result of the final decisions adopted, without a doubt Hondurans will give him a grand welcome because it will be a measure of the victory that they have already won with their struggles. Let nobody doubt that only the Honduran people will be able to build their own history!
Fidel Castro Ruz
July 21, 2009