Reflections by Comrade Fidel
AN UPRISING AT THE UNITED NATIONS
The session of October 26 last at the United Nations General Assembly, which is supposedly the top political authority in the planet, was convened for the purpose of discussing an item that has been reiterated for so long that it even sounds familiar: “Necessity of ending the economic, commercial and financial embargo imposed by the United States of America against Cuba.” This has been the most debated and approved –although never implemented- draft resolution in the history of the United Nations.
We all know that
if such an accusation was to be made against
It has been already nineteen times since this draft resolution was first approved in 1992 by the General Assembly, calling for an end to that abusive and criminal action. But, while the number of times this Resolution was put to the vote and approved has increased, the group of countries supporting it has also increased, and the number of those who abstained as well as the minute handful of those which voted against has grown ever smaller. Last time there were only two which voted against and the three which abstained were small States that are in fact US colonies.
We must bear in mind the fact that huge changes have taken place in the world since the times when the UN was found and the battles of the Second World War, which took a toll on fifty million human lives and caused an enormous destruction, had not yet ceased. Many countries which today account for the majority at the UN, were still colonies of the European powers, which had forcefully seized most of the territories of the world and, in some continents, they had virtually taken over all them. In quite a few cases, hundreds of millions of persons of more ancient civilizations and of superior culture were submitted to colonialism by virtue of the superiority of the aggressors’ weaponry.
Our country was
the last Spanish colony in this hemisphere, given its wealth of the then scarce
and highly demanded agricultural products, which emerged from the hands of hardworking
free peasants and hundreds of thousands of African slaves. While all other
Spanish colonies obtained their independence during the early decades of the
During the second
half of that century, our
Thirty years later
our long-suffering people were at the verge of attaining its historical goals
in its heroic struggle against a decadent, though stubborn, European
power. The Spanish army, despite its
huge amount of soldiers, was no longer able to secure the
the war was over, our country was denied the right to participate in the peace
negotiations. The Spanish government
fully completed its betrayal against
The general debate began at in the morning. The first speakers were the representatives of five countries who spoke on behalf of the Group of 77, the Non-Aligned Movement, the African Union, CARICOM and MERCOSUR, all of them in support of the Resolution.
countries took the floor, two of them with more than one billion inhabitants
His speech was lapidary. I will quote several times entire paragraphs of it. He began his speech by referring to the grave dangers of the war that threatens us, and added:
“In order to survive, it is indispensable for humanity’s awareness to take a leap, which would only be possible through the dissemination of truthful information about these issues which are hidden or ignored by most politicians, not published by the press, and found by people so horrible that seem to be unbelievable.”
“Equally unequivocal views have been endorsed by the Non-Aligned countries Movement, the Ibero-American Summits, the European Union and Latin American and Caribbean Summits, the African Union, the ACP Group Summits and virtually any other group of nations abiding by International Law and the observance of the principles and purposes of the United Nations Charter.
“There is a broad and growing consensus within the
“The sanctions against
“In the course of the year 2010, the economic siege
has been tightened and its everyday impact continues to be visible ion all
aspects of life in
Then he described
a series of cruel measures that seriously affect children with delicate health
Further on he pointed out as follows:
“The fines imposed by the Treasury and Justice Departments on American and European entities during the last year for their transactions with Cuba, among other States, have totaled more than 800 million dollars.”
He went on to report the following:
“The confiscation of a transfer of more than 107
thousand Euros that belonged to the Cuban company ‘Cubana de Aviación’, which
was made through the ‘Banco Popular Español’ from
Our foreign minister then pointed out something of great importance about the effects of the gross crime committed against the Cuban economy, given the present trend of making reference to historical figures about the price in dollars of both movable and immovable properties, loans, debts or any other thing that could be measured in American dollars, without taking into account the ever decreasing value of that currency over the last four decades.
By way of an example I will refer to a well known soft drink: Coca-Cola –and I will not charge anything for the publicity. Forty years ago it cost 5 cents; now, its price in any country ranges from 150 to 200 US cents.
“The direct economic damage caused to the Cuban people by the implementation of the blockade during the last 50 years is worth more than 751 billion dollars according to the present value of that currency.”
That is to say, he
does not fall into the same error of referring to the figure of losses caused
by the blockade year after year as if the dollar value were exactly the same
year after year. As a result of the
global fraud meant by the unilateral suspension by Nixon of the gold pattern,
Bruno continued to say:
“On September 2 last, President Obama himself ratified
the sanctions against
“Very recently, on October 19, President Obama described all the processes that are currently taking place in Cuba as ‘insufficient’ and conditioned any new step by his government to the internal changes they would like to see in our country.
“The President is wrong to believe he has the right to interfere and
qualify the processes that are taking place in
“The transformations we have embarked upon today are a result of the
aspirations of Cubans and the sovereign decisions adopted by our people. […]
They are not intended to quench the desires or satisfy the interests of the
“The superpower will find any process that is not conducive to the
establishment of a regime subordinated to its interest to be insufficient. But that is not going to happen because many
generations of Cubans have offered and continue to offer the best of their
lives to defend the sovereignty and independence of
“Quite on the contrary, the
“Cuba, which has been and still is a victim of State terrorism, calls for that government to put an end to double standards and the impunity enjoyed in its own territory by the confessed authors of terrorist actions which were organized under the auspices of the anti-Cuban policy of that country…”
At this point, Bruno dealt the
“The majority of Cubans support Castro […] There is no effective political opposition […] The only foreseeable means of alienating internal support [from the government] is through disenchantment and disaffection based on economic dissatisfaction and hardship.
Every possible means should be undertaken promptly to weaken the economic life […] denying money and supplies to
, to decrease monetary and real wages, to bring about hunger, desperation and overthrow of government.” Cuba
Bruno kept on saying:
“Although the economic harassment has been the main obstacle hindering the development of our country and the improvement of the living standards of our people, Cuba can show undeniable results in the eradication of poverty and hunger, in the fields of health and education -which have become a world referent…”
“A few weeks ago
was able to declare here it had largely and exceptionally complied with the Millennium Development Goals. These results achieved by Cuba are still a utopia for a large segment of people in this planet. Cuba
“Cuba will never cease to denounce the blockade; it will never cease to demand its people’s legitimate right to live and work for its social and economic development under conditions of equality, in cooperation with other nations, without any economic siege or external pressures.”
“Cuba conveys its gratitude to the international community for its firm solidarity with our people, convinced that, some day, justice will be served and this resolution will no longer be necessary.
“Thank you, very much”, he said to conclude his first intervention.
To be continued tomorrow.
Fidel Castro Ruz
October 31, 2010