by Comrade Fidel
REVOLUTIONARY REBELLION IN EGYPT
Several days ago I said that Mubarak’s fate was sealed and that not even
Obama was able to save him.
The world knows about what is happening in the Middle East. News spreads at mind-boggling
speed. Politicians barely have enough
time to read the dispatches arriving hour after hour. Everyone is aware of the
importance of what is happening over there.
After 18 days of tough struggle, the Egyptian people achieved an
important objective: overthrowing the main United States
ally in the heart of the Arab nations. Mubarak was oppressing and pillaging his
own people, he was an enemy to the Palestinians and an accomplice of Israel,
the sixth nuclear power on the planet, associated with the war-mongering NATO
The Armed Forces of Egypt, under the command of Gamal Abdel Nasser, had
thrown overboard a submissive King and created a Republic which, with the
support of the USSR, defended its Homeland from the Franco-British and Israeli
invasion of 1956 and preserved its ownership of the Suez Canal and the
independence of its ancient nation.
For that reason, Egypt had a high degree of prestige in the Third World. Nasser was well-known as one of
the most outstanding leaders of the Non-Aligned Movement, in whose creation he
took part along with other well-known leaders of Asia, Africa and Oceania who were struggling for
national liberation and for the political and economic independence of the
always enjoyed the support and respect of that international organization which
brings together more than one hundred countries. At this precise time, that
sister country is chairing NAM
for a corresponding three-year period; and the support of many of its members
for the struggle its people are engaged in today is a given.
What was the significance of the Camp David Agreements, and why do the
heroic Palestinian people so arduously defend their most essential rights?
At Camp David ―with the mediation of then-President of the United States Jimmy
Carter―, Egyptian leader Anwar el-Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menahem
Begin signed the famous treaties between Egypt
It is said that secret talks went on for 12 days and on September 17th
of 1978 they signed two important treaties: one in reference to peace between
Egypt and Israel; the other having to do with the creation of the autonomous
territory in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank where, el-Sadat was thinking –
and Israel was aware of and sharing the idea –the capital of the State of
Palestine would be, and whose existence, as well as that of the State of Israel,
was agreed to by the United Nations on November 29, 1947, in the British protectorate of Palestine.
At the end of arduous and complicated talks, Israel
agreed to withdraw their troops from Egyptian territory in the Sinai, even
though it categorically rejected Palestinian participation in those peace
As a product of the first treaty, in the term of one year, Israel
reinstated Sinai territory occupied during one of the Arab-Israeli wars back to
By virtue of the second agreement, both parties committed to negotiate
the creation of the autonomous regime in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The
first of these included 5 640 square kilometres of territory and 2.1 million
inhabitants; and the second one, 360 square kilometres and 1.5 million
The Arab countries were offended by that treaty where, in their opinion,
Egypt had not defended with sufficient energy and resolution a Palestinian State
whose right to exist had been the focal point of the battle fought for decades
by the Arab States.
Their reactions reached such a level of indignation that many of them
broke off their relations with Egypt. Thus, the United Nations Resolution of
November 1947 was erased from the map. The autonomous body was never created
and thus the Palestinians were deprived of their right to exist as an
independent state; that is the origin of the never-ending tragedy they are
living in and which should have been resolved more than three decades ago.
The Arab population of Palestine are victims of genocidal actions; their lands are confiscated or
deprived of water supplies in the semi-desert areas and their homes are
destroyed with heavy wrecking equipment.
In the Gaza Strip a million and a half people are regularly being
attacked with explosive projectiles, live phosphorus and booby-trap bombs. The
Gaza Strip lands are being blockaded by land and by sea. Why are the Camp David agreements being talked
about to such a degree while nobody mentions Palestine?
supplying the most modern and sophisticated weaponry to Israel to
the tune of billions of dollars every year. Egypt,
an Arab country, was turned into the second receiver of US weapons. To fight against whom? Another Arab country? Against the very Egyptian
When the population was asking for respect for their most basic rights
and the resignation of a president whose policy consisted of exploiting and
pillaging his own people, the repressive forces trained by the US
did not hesitate for a second in shooting at them, killing hundreds and
When the Egyptian people were awaiting explanations from the government
of their own country, the answers were coming from senior officials of the United States
intelligence or government bodies, without any respect for Egyptian officials.
Could it possibly be that the leaders of the United States
and their intelligence agencies knew nothing at all about the colossal thefts
perpetrated by the Mubarak government?
Before the people were to protest en masse from Tahrir Square,
neither the government officials nor the United States
intelligence bodies were uttering one single word about the privileges and
outrageous thefts of billions of dollars.
It would be a mistake to imagine that the people’s revolutionary
movement in Egypt theoretically obeys a reaction to violations on their most elementary
rights. Peoples do not defy repression and death, nor do they remain for nights
on end protesting energetically, just because of merely formal matters. They do
this when their legal and material rights are being mercilessly sacrificed to
the insatiable demands of corrupt politicians and the national and
international circles looting the country.
The poverty rate was now affecting the vast majority of a militant
people, young and patriotic, with their dignity, culture and beliefs being
How was the unstoppable increase of food prices to be reconciled with
the dozens of billions of dollars that were being attributed to President
Mubarak and to the privileged sectors of the government and society?
It’s not enough now that we find out how much these come to; we must demand
they be returned to the country.
Obama is being affected by the events in Egypt;
he acts, or seems to act, as if he were the master of the planet. The Egyptian affair seems to be his
business. He is constantly on the
telephone, talking to the leaders of other countries.
The EFE Agency, for example, states: “…I spoke to the British Prime
Minister David Cameron; King Abdala II of
Jordan, and with the Turkish prime minister, the moderate
Muslim Recep Tayyip Erdogan.”
“…the president of the United States assessed the ‘historical changes’ that the Egyptians have been promoting and he reaffirmed his admiration
for their efforts …”.
The principal US news agency, AP, is broadcasting some reasoning that we should pay
“The US is asking Middle Eastern leaders leaning towards the West, who are
friendly with Israel and willing to cooperate in the fight against Islamic extremism at the
same time they are protecting human rights.”
“…Barack Obama has put forward a list of ideal requisites that are impossible
to satisfy after the fall of two allies of Washington in
Egypt and Tunisia in popular revolts that, according to experts, shall sweep the region.”
“There is no hope within this dream scenario and it’s very difficult for
one to appear soon. Partially this is due to the fact that in the last 40
years, the US has sacrificed the noble ideals of human rights, that it so
espouses, for stability, continuity and oil in one of the most volatile regions
of the world.”
“‘Egypt will never be the same’, Obama said on Friday after praising the
departure of Hosni Mubarak.”
“In the midst of their peaceful protests, Obama stated, the Egyptians ‘will
change their country and the world’.
“Even as restlessness persists among the various Arab governments, the elite
entrenched in Egypt and Tunisia has not shown signs of being willing to hand over the power or their
vast economic influence that they have been holding.”
“The Obama government has insisted that the change should not be one of ‘personalities’.
The US government set this position since President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled
Tunis in January, one day after Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton
warned the Arab rulers in a speech in Qatar that without reform the foundations
of their countries ‘would sink in the sand’.”
People don’t appear to be very docile in Tahrir Square.
Europe Press recounts:
“Thousands of demonstrators have arrived in Tahrir
Square, the epicenter of mobilizations that caused the resignation of the
president of the country, Hosni Mubarak, to reinforce those continuing in that location,
despite the efforts of the military police to remove them, according to
information from the BBC.
“The BBC correspondent stationed in the downtown square of Cairo
has assured us that the army is appearing to be indecisive in the face of the
arrival of new demonstrators …”
“The ‘hard core’ […] is located on one of the corners
of the square. […] they have decided to stay in Tahrir […] in order to make
certain all their claims are being met.”
Despite what is happening in Egypt,
one of the most serious problems being faced by imperialism at this time is the
lack of grain as I analyzed in my Reflection on January 19th.
The US uses an important part of the corn it grows and a large percentage of
the soy harvest for the production of biofuels. As for Europe, it uses millions of
hectares of land for that purpose.
On the other hand, as a consequence of the climate change originated
basically by the developed and wealthy countries, a shortage of fresh water and
foods compatible with population growth at a pace that would lead to 9 billion
inhabitants in a mere 30 years is being created, without the United Nations and
the most influential governments on the planet, after the disappointing meeting
at Copenhagen and Cancun warning and informing the world about that situation.
We support the Egyptian people and their courageous struggle for their
political rights and social justice.
We are not opposed to the people of Israel;
we are against the genocide of the Palestinian people and we are for their
right to an independent State.
We are not in favour of war, but in favour of peace among all the
Fidel Castro Ruz
February 13, 2011